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Internal Grant Competition DGC





Cluster life cycles - the role of actors, networks and institutions in emerging, growing, declining and renewing clusters
Project IdCRP/11/E025
Main solverdoc. RNDr. Petr Rumpel, Ph.D.
Periodr7/2011 - 6/2014
ProviderProjekt EUROCORES GA ČR
Statefinished
AnotationClusters are regarded as important elements in economic development (Porter 1998). However, the strong research focus on the way clusters function is contrasted with a disregard for their evolutionary development, i.e. how clusters actually become clusters, how and why they decline, and how they shift into new fields (Lorenzen 2005). Therefore, this interdisciplinary research project would focus on analysis of three main elements, which differ strongly between different stages of the life cycle and therefore affect the transition from one stage of the life cycle to another. The first is the influence of single actors on the cluster life cycle, i.e. individuals, firms and public organizations, and their role in generating novelty and variety. The second element is networks. Tight networks are for example often connected with the decline of clusters while emerging clusters are shaped by unstable networks (Ter Wal and Boschma 2009, Grabher 1993). The third element is the cluster?s institutional setting, i.e. its supportive environments, regional cultures and cognitive frames (Piore and Sabel 1989).