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Internal Grant Competition DGC





Stomatodynia as a possible manifestation of extraesophageal reflux
Project IdSGS07/LF/2022
Main solverMUDr. Viktória HRÁNKOVÁ
Period1/2022 - 12/2022
ProviderSpecifický VŠ výzkum
Statesolved
AnotationStomatodynia is defined as repeated or persistent discomfort or pain in the oral cavity without an obvious local or general cause. Difficulties are most often localized in the area of ??the tongue, which is why we call them glossodynia. However, unpleasant feelings can be anywhere in the oral cavity (lips, gums, cheeks, nasopharynx, palate) and then we talk about stomatodynia. If the cause is unknown, it is primary stomatodynia. In the case of a known cause of discomfort, it is secondary and can be treated in a targeted manner. Stomatodynia can be burning and very unpleasant, in many patients its cause is not found and any symptomatic therapy has no significant effect. The oral cavity, including the mucous membranes of the lips and the red lip, is an environment exposed daily to a number of substances that can be irritating and thus cause a number of unpleasant sensations. Thus, extraesophageal reflux can be a possible cofactor of given subjective complaints, when acid reflux reaches above the upper esophageal sphincter and has a negative effect not only on the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract but also the oral part of the digestive tract. The role of extraesophageal reflux in the pathogenesis of stomatodynia is unknown. If in patients with stomatodynia is developed extraesophageal reflux, it is possible that his treatment would eliminate these discomforts.