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Internal Grant Competition DGC





Body composition of students of the University of Ostrava in connection with their diet and level of physical activity.
Project IdSGS02_2021
Main solverMgr. Karin Petřeková, Ph.D.
Period1/2021 - 12/2021
ProviderSpecifický VŠ výzkum
Statefinished
AnotationBody composition can be measured by several methods. These include skin fold measurement using calipers, circumferential measurement (waist, hips, arms), Body Mass Index (BMI) calculation, WHR (Waist Hip Ratio), hydrostatic weighing, Dual-energy-X-ray absorptiometers (DEXA), bioelectrical bioimpedance (BIA). BIA is a relatively fast and non-invasive method for evaluating the composition of body parameters. Body composition is one of the basic indicators of the human prganism state. Individual body components are affected by nutrition, physical activity and genetic predispositions. Muscle tissues (especially striated), fat, bone and water are essential for the analysis of the human body composition. Body fat is divided into essential, visceral and subcutaneous. The components of fat-free matter (FFM) are muscle tissue, bones, body fluids and organs. Lifestyle, especially proper nutrition and a sufficient level of physical activity affects the composition of the body. Measured parameters of body components that are outside the range of reference values may indicate low levels of physical activity or inappropriate eating habits, that can lead to development of non-communicable diseases. Even at a young age, the evaluation of body composition can indicate the possible risks of metabolic syndrome or obesity, which is a benefit in the field of prevention of these diseases.