Projects & Grants

Internal Grant Competition DGC

Quaternary development and contemporary state of Central European landscape in the context of geohazard action, effects of anthropopressure, and climate changes
Project IdSGS02/PřF/2019-2020
Main solverMgr. Radek Tichavský, Ph.D.
Periodr1/2019 - 12/2020
ProviderSpecifický VŠ výzkum
AnotationLandscape includes interacting physical elements of the geographical sphere. Contemporary development of Central European landscape is caused by both natural and human-induced (anthropogenic) processes. Such processes can mean, in several cases (for example due to the ongoing climate changes), a threat for human infrastructure and may cause loss of life - i.e. they became geohazards. A key to understand contemporary landscape processes is the knowledge of their past evolution and the identification of anthropogenic factors contributing to the landscape changes. Moreover, using of multidisciplinary approach is necessary to properly understand the landscape function and dynamics. The project is conceived as a two-year research and the main goal is to better understand the development and contemporary state of the Central European landscape focusing mainly on the Western Carpathians mountain ranges and foothills. The project sub-goals include complex geomorphic, pedological and ecohydrologcial research with the emphasis on (i) structural-tectonic controls of complex slope deformations, (ii) dating of activity of slope and fluvial processes, (iii) the issue of the river continuum with respect to its morphology and abundance of organic matter, (iv) mapping and analyses of anthropogenic relief including the old mining works, (v) mathematical modelling of soil spatial distributions, (vi) environmental modelling of nutrients in water bodies with respect to ongoing climate change, (vii) perception of fluvial landscape including its ecosystem services. By using the wide spectre of methodical approaches (structural measurement, geomorphic mapping, geophysical measurement, radiocarbon and dendrogeomorphic dating, sediment analyses, environmental modelling, ecosystem services approach etc.) we are able to gain valuable information about the function and interaction of selected landscape systems with respect to increasing anthropopressure and ongoing climate changes.