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Internal Grant Competition DGC





Fundamental skills technique selection in sport gymnastics.
Project IdSGS06/PdF/2019-20
Main solverMgr. Pavel Brtva
Period1/2019 - 12/2020
ProviderSpecifický VŠ výzkum
Statefinished
AnotationSports gymnastics is one of the sporting disciplines in which the musculoskeletal apparatus is exposed to a high load. The combination of low age and high intensity of exercise, along with a large amount of training, is a risk factor in upper limb load. It is necessary to focus attention on possible preventative measures in young gymnasts. The upper limbs represent a part of the body that has to cope with the action of great forces, as they are often used in gymnastics as a support in a number of exercise shapes. These forces must therefore be divided into main joints of the upper limb - the elbow joint and the wrist (Webb & Rettig, 2008). One of the options for reducing the risk of injury can be the correct choice of basic gymnastic skills (Farana et al., 2017; 2018). In practice, the three hand positions are most often used during the support phase - parallel, reverse and T-positions. Significant risk factors for injury to the elbow and wrist include valgus laxity of the elbow joint and ulnar variance of the wrist (Keller et al., 2009). Another significant parameter that can influence the biomechanical load is radial lenght (Lau & Pandya, 2017). The biomechanical motion analysis will be used to gain data on differences in load between techniques. The assessment of valgus laxity and ulnar deviations will be performed by magnetic resonance imaging. The results of this study may help in choosing the right technique for performing gymnastic skills, leading to a reduction in mechanical stress and prevent to injury.