Projects & Grants

Internal Grant Competition DGC

The influence of unemployment and regaining paid work activity of the autonomic nervous system - a longitudinal study
Project IdSGS06/LF/2013
Main solverMgr. Vera Kristýna Jandačková, Ph.D.
Period1/2013 - 12/2013
ProviderSpecifický VŠ výzkum
AnotationMoravian-Silesian Region has long been among the regions with the highest unemployment rate (11.7%; 76,146 unemployed) in the Czech Republic. Studies have shown an increased incidence of cardiovascular disease (CHD) and mortality among unemployed individuals, especially in areas with high unemployment rates (eg Koziel, 2009, Paul Moser, 2009). Disruption of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) may be a potential mechanism that could explain this relationship. Spectral analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) is a valid noninvasive evaluation of ANS. Reduced HRV and parasympathetic activity and increased sympathetic activity is an indicator of health risk, the risk of CHD and mortality (Task Force, 1996). In a study Jandáčková et al. (2012) published in the journal Biological Psychology (five-year IF: 4.2), we observed a significant decrease in HRV and parasympathetic activity among unemployed men and women compared to employed men and women, the results were not affected by behavioral or psychosocial factors (see Annex - article). In the current project we want the same subjects to monitor the impact of re-employment on ANS activity. It is possible to obtain paid work is the potential salutor that the previously unemployed men and women may lead to an increase in parasympathetic activity and reduced sympathetic activity. For individuals who are unable to obtain employment we observe changes in HRV with the length of unemployment. Studies that would clarify the mechanisms behind impaired physical health of unemployed in the world literature is the lack of (Wanberg, 2012).